|Article Details :
|Article Name :|
|A study of the association between the Diet history and nutritional status of school going children|
|Author Name :|
|Annabel Akhlaq, B. D. Harpalani|
|Article URL :|
|Background: World Health Organization refers obesity as a global epidemic including children and adults. Low levels of physical activity, TV watching, and unhealthy food habits as well as improper dietary pattern are risk factors for overweight and obesity in children.
Objective: To study the association between diet history and the risk of obesity in school children in Lucknow (Universe / population area), U.P., India.
Research Methodology: 510 school going children (sample size) of the age group 5-18 years from government and private schools of the region were selected by purposive sampling method. Pre-designed and pre-tested questionnaire was used to elicit the dietary history. Height and weight were measured and BMI was calculated. Overweight and obesity were determined. Students who had BMI for age between 85Th and 95Th percentile of reference population were considered as overweight and BMI for age >95Th percentile of reference population were considered as obese.
Results: There is an association between overweight & obesity and diet history / dietary pattern. Prevalence of obesity is found to be 18.6% and that of overweight is 18.4% in the study group.
Conclusion: The prevalence of obesity and overweight (BMI>85th Percentile) is significantly higher in school going children. Physical inactivity and increased intake of high calorie foods are the main causes for high prevalence.
|Obesity; Overweight, Diet History, Risk factors, Children|