European Academic Research ISSN 2286-4822
ISSN-L 2286-4822
Impact Factor: 3.4546 (UIF)
DRJI Value : 5.9 (B+)
Article Details :
Article Name :
Madness as a Cross-Racial Predicament in Jean Rhys’s Wide Sargasso Sea
Author Name :
Muhammad Azmat
Publisher :
Bridge Center
Article URL :
Abstract :
Madness as a theme is very recurrent in the Caribbean literature. However, the term madness is not as simple to be defined particularly with reference to the Caribbean texts written in English between 1959 and 1980. These texts relate madness to more than one meaning. In this connection, Jean Rhys’s novel Wide Sargasso Sea (WSS) presents a superb example, relating madness to various types of dilemma and delirium in a cross-racial Caribbean context. For this purpose, first of all, the related literature was reviewed on the concept of madness in light of the notions of three eminent critics and theorists, such as, Frantz Fanon, Michel Foucault, and R. D. Laing. Next, the relevant discourses and incidents from WSS were analysed and interpreted in light of the aforementioned views on madness. On the basis of the analysis and discussion, it was concluded that, in WSS, Rhys relates madness to deep and varied meanings, that is, the search of identity, alienation, and split self (i.e., schizophrenia) on the part of Creole female colonized, the vengefulness, bruised nationalistic spirit, and collective delirium on the part of the Blacks, and the estrangement, schizophrenia, and an obsession of oppressive behaviour on the part of the White colonizers from the conservative, patriarchal Victorian culture of England.
Keywords :
Caribbean, Colonized, Creole, Discourse, Double Colonization, Female, Madness, Oppressive, Patriarchy

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