European Academic Research ISSN 2286-4822
ISSN-L 2286-4822
Impact Factor: 3.4546 (UIF)
DRJI Value : 5.9 (B+)
Article Details :
Article Name :
Mental imagery in psychoanalysis, psychodynamic and cognitive-behavioral approaches: literature review
Author Name :
Dorina Bedhia
Publisher :
Bridge Center
Article URL :
Abstract :
This article provides an overview of the use of images in the psychoanalytic, psychodynamic, cognitive and cognitive-behavioral approach based on existing literature. Imagination, as an intervention technique has been shown to be effective and even superior to other intervention techniques, in different life fields. The majority of clinicians use imaginative techniques to promote relaxation, to reduce stress, to regain control of unwanted behaviors, to increase self-awareness, to plan a lifestyle, to improve health. On the level of therapeutic intervention it is essential to increase the motivation of the subject to work with the images. Imaginative therapies are used by many therapists. There are wide varieties of imaginative therapies that have been thoroughly examined. These approaches can be classified into a series of models based on their theoretical assumptions and pre-established objectives. Those who use images in the context of psychoanalysis and in analytical psychotherapy have modified the method of free association using imaginative instructions as a way to improve discovery and revelation. Behaviorists have used images to extinguish fear-based symptomatic behaviors through desensitization and through the alteration of the cognitive representations that guide these behaviors, as in the case of symbolic modeling by Bandura and covert modeling by Cautela.
Keywords :
cognitive-behavioral approach, imaginative therapies, mental imagery, psychoanalytic-psychodynamic approach

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