European Academic Research ISSN 2286-4822
ISSN-L 2286-4822
Impact Factor: 3.4546 (UIF)
DRJI Value : 5.9 (B+)
Article Details :
Article Name :
Characterization of Renal Function and Morphology in Hypertensive Patients Using Renal Ultrasonography
Author Name :
Mohamed E. M. Garalnabi, Ahmed Abukonna, Hossam Gasmalseed, Adil A. Mansour, Mohamed Hasaneen
Publisher :
Bridge Center
Article URL :
Abstract :
The aim of research to evaluate renal morphology in adult patients with essential hypertension and correlate it with age, sex, body mass index, body surface area and duration of hypertension. A total of 75 patients (33 males, 42 females) with essential hypertension were evaluated sonographically in this prospective study and 25 healthy individuals (12 males, 13 females) without hypertension were also evaluated as control groups. Renal volume was then calculated from the kidney's length, width and anterio-posterior diameter using formula (LxWxAPx0.53) .The range of renal volume 46.65 to 105.02?cm3 for the left kidney and 42.59 to 102.33 cm3 for the right kidney. In control group, (mean ± SD) volumes of the right and left kidneys in males (80.7?cm3 ± 36 and 75.3 ±33respectively), in females (78.2?cm3 ± 33 and 70.4, ± 29 respectively). The (mean ± SD) kidney length was (9.35 ±1.3cm). It was (9.15 ±1.1cm) on the right side and (9.27 ±1.3 cm) on the left side. The hypertensive kidneys volume slightly in lower limit in relation to control group. The (mean ± SD) kidney width was (4.45 ±1.1cm) and the cortical thickness 1.46 ±0.5 cm, consider with in normal range. Renal volume correlated significantly with BMI in hypertensive patients (r = 0.35 and 0.31 p<0.005 for right and left kidney, respectively), There was no significant correlation between renal volume and duration of hypertension (r = 0.9 and 0.8; p >0.005 for left and right kidneys, respectively).
Keywords :
renal function, hypertensive patients, renal ultrasonography

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