European Academic Research ISSN 2286-4822
ISSN-L 2286-4822
Impact Factor: 3.4546 (UIF)
DRJI Value : 5.9 (B+)
Article Details :
Article Name :
Nutritional efficacy of Baobab (Adansonia digitata) Extract as a Substitute for ORS in the Management of Diarrhea in Children under Five in Sinnar State, Sudan
Author Name :
Jehan Mohammed Abdalla Alpasha, Ali Elsayed Ali, Hatim Gindeel Eltahier
Publisher :
Bridge Center
Article URL :
Abstract :
The study was conducted to evaluate the Nutritional Efficacy of Baobab (Adansonia digitata) Extract in the Management of Diarrhea in Children Under Five in Sinnar State, Sudan. The study sample included 60 children suffering from diarrhea in Singa Teaching Hospital in the period from April 2018 to April 2019. The demographic data was collected by interviewing (Questionnaire) children mothers. The data was analyzed by Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). Sixty children with moderate diarrhea were given ORS as a control and Baobab (Adansonia digitata) solution in the Emergency Department (CED) over a period of 2–6?h, under supervision of a trained team to restore weight lost and balance Na+, K+ levels and thus remove and reduce signs of dehydration. The result showed that the majority of the patients were of the ages 11 - 20 months including (60%) males and (40%) females. Most of the patients (70%) had sunken eyes, (65%) were unable of drinking and (66.6%) were sufferings from skin pinch goo's back. The mean values of moisture, ash, protein, fat and fiber contents in Baobab powder were (2.03%), (3.48%), (2.33%), (0.72%) and (6.74%) respectively. The mean values of tannins contents in Baobab powder were (0.30mg/100g), phenols (3.06 mg/100g) and phytic (0.20 mg/100g). The concentrations of Fe, Cu, Pb and Co content in Baobab powder were (8.38mg/100g), (0.38mg/100g), (0.003mg/100g) and (0.0140mg/100g) respectively. The composition of the Baobab extract solution used was as follows; 27 g Baobab (Adansonia digitata) + 10g sugar + 1.5 NaCl completed to 1-liter water. Each child was given 75 ml/ 1kg wt. from this extract solution. The results showed that children with moderate diarrhea who were given a solution of Baobab had improved by (97%) and were better than those given (ORS). Their weights and (Na+) and (K+) levels were restored. The taste of Baobab extract solution was accepted by the children more than ORS solution. The study concluded that Baobab solution had proved successful for the children with moderate diarrhea in restoring the weight lost due to diarrhea, addressing the defects in the electrolytes and thus removing and reducing the signs of dehydration. Besides it is a local natural product, cheap and acceptable by the children.
Keywords :
Nutritional Efficacy, Baobab (Adansonia digitata) Solution, Diarrhea in Children under Five

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